Peer Reviewed

  1. Jitkanya Wong  Alex, T. Gong,  Peter A. Defnet,  Leire Meabe,  Bruce Beauchamp,  Robert M. Sweet, Haritz Sardon,  Corie L. Cobb,  Alshakim Nelson

    3D Printing Ionogel Auxetic Frameworks for Stretchable Sensors

    First published: 08 August 2019


  2. Michael R Crump, Alex T Gong, Daniel Chai, Sophia L Bidinger, Felippe J Pavinatto, Troy E Reihsen, Robert M Sweet and J Devin MacKenzie

    Monolithic 3D printing of embeddable and highly stretchable strain sensors using conductive ionogels

    Published 17 June 2019


  3. Dias N, Peng Y, Khavari R, Nakib N, Sweet R, Timm G, Erdman A, Boone T, and Zhang Y.

    Pelvic Floor Dynamics During High-Impact Athletic Activities: A Computational Modeling Study.

    Clinical Biomechanics, Nov 2016;41:20-27.

  4. Poniatowski L, Somani S, Veneziano D, McAdams S, Sweet R.

    Characterizing and Simulating Needle Insertion Forces for Percutaneous Renal Access.

    Journal of Endourology. 2016 Oct; 30(10):1049-1055.

  5. McAdams S, Sweet RM, Anderson K.

    Operating Endoscopically with “Two Hands” to Remove Calcified Permanent Suture after Pyeloplasty.

    Journal of Endourology Case Reports, 2016 Jan; 2(1):1-2

  6. Shen Y, Hananel D, Zhao Z, Burke D, Ballas C, Norfleet J, Reihsen T, Sweet R.

    A New Design for Airway Management Training with Mixed Reality and High Fidelity Modeling.

    Stud Health Technol Inform. 2016; 220:359-62.

  7. Shen Y, Wu F, Tseng KS, Ye D, Raymond J, Konety B, Sweet R.

    A Motion Tracking and Sensor Fusion Module for Medical Simulation.

    Stud Health Technology Infom. 2016; 220:363-6.

  8. Kowalewski T, Sweet RM, Lendvay T, Menhadji A, Averch T, Box G, Ferrandino M, Kaouk J, Knudsen B, Landman J, Lee B, Schwartz B, McDougall E.

    Validation of the AUA Basic Laparascopic Urologic Surgery Skills (BLUS) Tasks.

    Journal of Urology, April 2016; 194(4):998-1005.

  9. Veneziano D, Minervini A, Beatty J, Fornara P, Gozen A, Greco F, Langenhuijsen J.F., Lunelli L, Overgaauw D, Rassweiler J, Rocco B, Sanchez Salas R, Shariat S, Sweet RM, Simone G, Springer C, Tuccio A, Cleynenbreugel BV, Weibl P, Cozzupoli P.

    Construct, content and face validity of the Camera Handling Trainer (CHT): a new E-blus training task for 30° laparoscope navigation skills.

    World Journal of Urology, 2016 Apr; 34(4):479.84.

  10. Veneziano D, Smith A, Stubbs J, Hananel D, Reihsen T, Speich J, Sweet RM.

    The SimPORTAL Fluoro-less C-arm Trainer (CAT): how it works.

    Journal of Endourology, Part B: Videourology, 2015 Feb; 29(2):240-5.

  11. Gardner AK, Scott DJ, Pedowitz RA, Sweet RM, Feins RH, Deutsch ES, Sachdeva AK.

    Best practices across surgical specialties relating to simulation-based training.

    Surgery. 2015 Nov: 158(5):1395-402.

  12. Veneziano D, Poniatowski L, Reihsen T, Sweet RM.

    Preliminary evaluation of the SimPORTAL Major Vessel Injury (MVI) repair model.

    Surgical Endoscopy, Surg Endosc. 2015 Jul 3. [Epub ahead of print].

    DOI: 10.1007/s00464-015-4344-1

  13. Argun OB, Chrouser K, Chauhan S, Monga M, Knudsen B, Box G, Lee D, Gettman M, Poniatowski L, Wang Q, Reihsen T, Sweet RM.

    Multi-Institutional Validation of an OSATS for the Assessment of Cystoscopic and Ureteroscopic Skills.

    Journal of Urology, Volume 194, Issue 4, Pages 1098-1105, October 2015.

  14. Stephens, T. K., Meier, Z. C., Sweet, RM., Kowalewski, T. M.

    Tissue identification through back end sensing on da Vinci EndoWrist surgical tool.

    Journal of Medical Devices, Transactions of the ASME. 2015; 9(3).

  15. O'Neill, J. J., Kowalewski, T. M., Sweet, RM.

    Feasibility of online semantic labeling of deformable tissues for minimally invasive surgery. Journal of Medical Devices, Transactions of the ASME.

    2015; 9(3).

  16. Veneziano D, Smith A, Reihsen T, Speich J, Sweet RM,

    The SimPORTAL Fluoro-less C-arm Trainer (CAT): An Innovative Device for Percutaneous Kidney Access.

    Journal of Endourology. Volume 29, Issue 2, Pages 240-240, February 2015.

  17. Braman, J. P., Sweet, R. M., Hananel, D. M., Ludewig, P. M., Van Heest, A. E.

    Development and validation of a basic arthroscopy skills simulator.

    Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery : official publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association. 2015; 31(1):104-112.

  18. Kowalewski, T, White L, Lendvay T, Jiang I, Sweet RM, Wright A, Hannaford B, Sinanan M.

    Beyond task time: automated measurement augments fundamentals of laparoscopic skills methodology.

    Journal of Surgical Research. 2014; 192(2):329-338.

  19. Winek M, Sweet RM, Kowalewski T.

    Dynamic Calibration Method for Instrumented Laparoscopic Surgical Graspers.

    Journal of Medical Devices. 8(3), 030933 (Jul 21, 2014) (2 pages) Paper No: MED-14-1084;

    DOI: 10.1115/1.4027078

  20. Poniatowski LH, Wolf JS, Nakada SY, Reihsen TE, Sainfort F, Sweet RM.

    Validity and Acceptability of a High-Fidelity Physical Simulation Model for Training of Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty.

    Journal of Endourology. 2014; 28(4):393-398.

  21. Sajan J, Hilger P, Sidman J, Walsh W, Chaffin P, Reihsen T, Sweet RM.

    Validated Assessment Tools for Reconstructing Facial Defects in Simulation.

    Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery. 2013 149: P44.

    DOI: 10.1177/0194599813495815a38

  22. Lee JY, Lantz AG, McDougall EM, Landman J, Gettman M, Sweet RM, Sundaram C, Zorn KC.

    Evaluation of Potential Distractors in the Urology Operating Room.

    Journal of Endourology. 2013; 27(9):1161-1165.

  23. Tran LN, Gupta P, Poniatowski LH, Alanee S, Dall'era MA, Sweet RM.

    Validation study of a computer-based open surgical trainer: SimPraxis® simulation platform.

    Advances in medical education and practice. 2013 Mar 19;4:23-30. doi: 10.2147/AMEP.S38422. Print 2013. PMID: 23745097

  24. Schmitz CC, Chipman JG, Yoshida K, Vogel RI, Sainfort F, Beilman G, Clinton J, Cooper J, Reihsen T, Sweet RM.

    Reliability and Validity of a Test Designed to Assess Combat Medics’ Readiness to Perform Life-Saving Procedures.

    Military Medicine. 2014 Jan; 179(1):42-8.

    DOI: 10.7205/MILMED-D-13-00247.

  25. Jones D, Ester E, Leavitt D, Sweet RM, Konety B, Jha G, Cho LC.

    Adjuvant Radiotherapy for Synchronous Bilateral Testicular Seminoma: A Case Report and a Review of the Pertinent Literature.

    Case Reports in Urology, vol. 2013, Article ID 241073, 6 pages, 2013.


  26. Chauhan S, Sweet R.

    Sergeant, do you copy? BJU International.

    2013 Jun; 111(7):1014-5

  27. Sweet R.

    Directly Visualized Percutaneous Access: A Step Forward.

    Invited Commentary. Urology (Gold Journal), November 2012

  28. Shen, Y., Vasandani, P., Iyer, J., Gunasekaran, A., Zhang, Y., Burke, D., Dykstra, D. D., Sweet, RM.

    Virtual trainer for intra-detrusor injection of botulinum toxin to treat urinary incontinence.

    Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. 2012; 173:457-462.

  29. Jabbour N, Reihsen T, Payne NR, Finkelstein M, Sweet RM, Sidman JD. Validated Assessment Tools for Pediatric Airway Endoscopy Simulation. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States). 2012; 147(6):1131-1135.

  30. Schroeder, D., Kowalewski, T. M., White, L. W., Carlis, J. V., Santos, E., Sweet, R. M., Lendvay, T. S., Keefe, D. F., Reihsen, T. E.

    Exploratory visualization of surgical training databases for improving skill acquisition.

    IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications. 2012; 32(6):71-81.

  31. Sweet RM, Beach R, Sainfort F, Gupta P, Reihsen T, Poniatowski LH, McDougall EM.

    Introduction and validation of the American Urological Association Basic Laparoscopic Urologic Surgery skills curriculum.

    Journal of Endourology. 2012; 26(2):190-196.

  32. Konia M, Jacobs X, Prielipp R, Reihsen T, Sweet R, Wangen K.

    Airway fire.

    MedEdPORTAL Publications. 2012;8:9064.

  33. Riley, W., Davis, S., Miller, K., Hansen, H., Sainfort, F., Sweet, R.M.

    Didactic and Simulation Nontechnical skills team training to improve perinatal patient outcomes in a community hospital.

    Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety. August 2011; 37:357-364

  34. Reihsen T, Poniatowski L, Sweet RM.

    Cost-effective, Simulated, Representative (Human) High-Fidelity Organosilicate Models.

    The Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation & Education Conference (I/ITSEC), 2011.

  35. Jabbour, N., Reihsen, T., Sweet, RM., Sidman, JD.

    Psychomotor Skills Training in Pediatric Airway Endoscopy Simulation.

    Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery 145(1), 2011.

  36. Berg, D. R., Carlson, A, Durfee, W. K., Sweet, RM, Reihsen, T.

    Low-Cost, take-home, beating heart simulator for health-care education.

    Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. 2011; 163:57-59.

  37. Konchada, V., Shen, Y., Burke, D., Argun, O. B., Weinhaus, A. J., Erdman, A. G., Sweet, RM.

    The Minnesota pelvic trainer: A hybrid VR/physical pelvis for providing virtual mentorship.

    Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. 2011; 163:280-282.

  38. Burke, D., Zhou, X., Rotty, V., Konchada, V., Shen, Y., Konety, B. R., Sweet, RM.

    Web-accessible interactive software of 3D anatomy representing pathophysiological conditions to enhance the patient-consent process for procedures.

    Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. 2011; 163:96-98.

  39. Shen, Y., Konchada, V., Zhang, N., Jain, S., Zhou, X., Burke, D., Wong, C., Carson, C. C., Roehrborn, C. G., Sweet, RM.

    Laser surgery simulation platform: Toward full-procedure training and rehearsal for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) therapy.

    Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. 2011; 163:574-580.

  40. Zhou, X., Zhang, N., Shen, Y., Burke, D., Konchada, V., Sweet, RM.

    Phenomenological model of laser-tissue interaction with application to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) simulation.

    Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. 2011; 163:749-755.

  41. Zhang, N., Qu, H., Sweet, RM.

    Orientation-preserving rod elements for real-time thin shell simulation.

    IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics. 11 Jun. 2010.

  42. Riley, W. J., Davis, S. E., Miller, K. K., Hansen, H. E., Sainfort, F. C., Sweet, RM.

    Key team behaviors during in situ critical events using behavioral markers.

    Contemporary Ergonomics and Human Factors 2010. 2010; 282-290.

  43. Zhang, N., Zhou, X., Shen, Y., Sweet, RM.

    Volumetric modeling in laser BPH therapy simulation.

    IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics 16(6):1405-1412, 2010.

  44. Eastman, R., Leaf, E., Zhang, D., True, L., Sweet, RM, Seidel, K., Siebert, J., Grady, R., Mitchell, M., Bassuk, J.

    Fibroblast growth factor-10 signals the development of von Brunn's nests in the exstrophic bladder.

    Am J Physiol Renal Phys 299 (5):F1094-F1110, 2010

  45. Riley, W., Davis, S., Miller, K.M., Hansen, H., Sweet, RM.

    Detecting breaches in defensive barriers using in situ simulation for obstetric emergencies.

    Qual Saf Health Care. 2010 Oct;19 Suppl 3:i53-6.

    doi: 10.1136/qshc.2010.040311. Epub 2010 Aug 19. PMID: 20724391

  46. Sweet, R.M., Hananel, D., Lawrenz, F.

    A unified approach to validation, reliability, and education study design for surgical technical skills training.

    Archives of Surgery. 2010; 145(2):197-201.

  47. Zhou, X., Zhang, N., Sha, D., Shen, Y., Tamma, K., Sweet, RM.

    A discrete mechanics framework for real time virtual surgical simulations with application to virtual laparoscopic nephrectomy.

    Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. 2009; 142:459-464.

  48. Elliott, S.P. and Sweet, RM.

    Contemporary surgical management of benign prostatic hyperplasia: What do recent trends imply for urology training?

    Current Prostate Reports 7:19-24, 2009

  49. Zhang, Y., Sweet, RM., Metzger, J.G., Burke, D.M., Erdman, A.G., Timm, G.T.

    Advanced finite element mesh model of female SUI research during physical and daily activities.

    Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. 2009; 142:447-452.

  50. Mirheydar, H., Jones, M., Koeneman, K.S., Sweet, RM.

    Robotic surgical education: A collaborative approach to training postgraduate urologists and endourology fellows.

    Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons. 2009; 13(3):287-292. PMID: 19793464

  51. Kishore, T.A., Beddingfield, R., Holden, T., Shen, Y., Reihsen, T., Sweet, RM.

    Task deconstruction facilitates acquisition of transurethral resection of prostate skills on a virtual reality trainer.

    Journal of Endourology. 2009; 23(4):665-668.

  52. Sweet, R. M.

    Editorial Comment: How Useful and Realistic is the Uro Trainer for Training Transurethral Prostate and Bladder Tumor Resection Procedures.

    Journal of Urology. 2009; 181(3):1303.

  53. Chen, B. and Sweet, RM.

    Towards developing an immersive and interactive virtual Fairview peri-operative environment.

    Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. 2008; 132:74-76.

  54. Shen, Y., Zhou, X., Zhang, N., Tamma, K., Sweet RM.

    Realistic soft tissue deformation strategies for real time surgery simulation.

    Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. 2008; 132:457-459.

  55. Kishore, T.A., Pedro, R.N., Monga, M., Sweet, RM.

    Assessment of validity of an OSATS for cystoscopic and ureteroscopic cognitive and psychomotor skills.

    Journal of Endourology. 2008; 22(12):2707-2711.

  56. Riley,W., Miller, K.K., Davis, S.E., Sweet RM.

    Describing high reliability: Distinguishing errors and breaches.

    Proceedings, Improving Patient Safety, Cambridge, July, 2008, 9-13.

  57. Lendvay, T.S., Casale, P., Sweet, RM., Peters, C.

    VR robotic surgery: Randomized blinded study of the dV-Trainer robotic simulator.

    Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. 2008; 132:242-244.

  58. Lendvay, T., Casale, P., Sweet, RM., Peters C.

    Initial validation of a virtual-reality robotic simulator.

    Journal of Robotic Surgery. 2008; 2(3):145-149.

  59. Sweet, RM., Mcdougall, E. M.

    Simulation and Computer-Animated Devices: The New Minimally Invasive Skills Training Paradigm.

    Urologic Clinics of North America. 2008; 35(3):519-531.

  60. Sweet RM.

    Editorial comment.

    Journal of Urology. 180(1):288, 2008

  61. Wignall, G.R., Denstedt, J.D., Preminger, G.M., Cadeddu, J.A., Pearle, M.S., Sweet. RM., McDougall, E.M.

    Surgical simulation: A urological perspective.

    Journal of Urology. 2008; 179(5):1690-1699.

  62. Lendvay, T., Sweet, RM., Han C.-H., Soygur, T., Cheng, J.-F., Plaire, J., Charleston, J., Charleston, L., Bagai, S. Cochrane, K., Rubio, E., Bassuk, J.

    Compensatory paracrine mechanisms that define the urothelial response to injury in partial bladder outlet obstruction.

    American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology. 2007; 293(4):F1147-F1156.

  63. Rashid, H.H, Kowalewski, T., Oppenheimer P., Ooms, A., Krieger, J.N., Sweet, RM.

    The virtual reality transurethral prostatic resection trainer: Evaluation of discriminate validity.

    Journal of Urology. 2007; 177(6):2283-2286.

  64. Sweet, RM.

    Review of trainers for transurethral resection of the prostate skills.

    Journal of Endourology. 2007; 21(3):280-284.

  65. Wright, J.L., Hoffman, H.G., Sweet RM.

    Virtual reality as an adjunctive pain control during transurethral microwave thermotherapy.

    Urology. 2005; 66(6):1320.e1-1320.e3.

  66. Sweet, RM., Kowalewski, T., Oppenheimer, P., Weghorst, S., Satava R.

    Face, content and construct validity of the University of Washington virtual reality transurethral prostate resection trainer.

    Journal of Urology. 2004; 172(5 I):1953-1957.

  67. Sweet, RM., Porter, J., Oppenheimer, P., Hendrickson, D., Gupta, A., Weghorst, S.

    Simulation of bleeding in endoscopic procedures using virtual reality.

    Journal of Endourology. 2002; 16(7):451-455.

  68. Bagai, S., Rubio E., Cheng J., Sweet RM, Thomas R., Fuchs E., Grady R., Mitchell M, Bassuk J.

    Fibroblast growth factor-10 is a mitogen for urothelial cells.

    Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2002; 277(26):23828-23837.

  69. Oppenheimer, P., Sweet, RM., Gupta, A., Porter, J., Weghorst, S.

    The representation of blood flow in endourologic surgical simulations.

    Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. 2001; 81:365-371.

  70. Noureldin YA, Sweet RM.

    A Call for a Shift in Theory and Terminology for Validation Studies in Urologic Education.

    J Urol. 2017: [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 29061542

  71. Dockter RL, Lendvay TS, Sweet RM, Kowalewski TM.

    The minimally acceptable classification criterion for surgical skill: intent vectors and separability of raw motion data.

    Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg: 12(7) 1151-1159. Epub 2017 May 18. PMID: 28516302

  72. French A, Lendvay TS, Sweet RM, Kowalewski TM.

    Predicting surgical skill from the first N seconds of a task: value over task time using the isogony principle.

    Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg: 12(7)1161-1170. Epub 2017 May 17. PMID: 28516300

  73. Sweet RM.

    The CREST Simulation Development Process: Training the Next Generation.

    J Endourol: 31(S1):S69-S75. Epub 2016 Dec 22. PMID: 27633465

  74. Zhao Z, Niu P, Ji X, Sweet RM.

    State of Simulation in Healthcare Education: An Initial Survey in Beijing.

    JSLS: 21(1). PMID: 28144123

  75. Dias N, Peng Y, Khavari R, Nakib NA, Sweet RM, Timm GW, Erdman AG, Boone TB, Zhang Y.

    Pelvic floor dynamics during high-impact athletic activities: A computational modeling study.

    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon): 41:20-27. Epub 2016 Nov 18. PMID: 27886590

  76. Poniatowski LH, Somani SS, Veneziano D, McAdams S, Sweet RM.

    Characterizing and Simulating Needle Insertion Forces for Percutaneous Renal Access.

    J Endourol: 30(10):1049-1055. Epub 2016 Sep 7. PMID: 27519947

  77. Szasz P, Grantcharov TP, Sweet RM, Korndorffer JR Jr, Pedowitz RA, Roberts PL, Sachdeva AK.

    Simulation-based summative assessments in surgery.

    Surgery: 160(3):528-35. Epub 2016 May 17. PMID: 27206332

  78. Reihsen TE, Alberti L, Speich J, Poniatowski LH, Hart D, Sweet RM.

    Feasibility of a perfused and ventilated cadaveric model for assessment of lifesaving traumatic hemorrhage and airway management skills.

    J Trauma Acute Care Surg: 80(5):799-804. PMID: 26891158

  79. McAdams S, Sweet RM, Anderson JK.

    Operating Endoscopically with "Two Hands" to Remove Calcified Permanent Suture After Pyeloplasty.

    J Endourol Case Rep: 2(1):1-2. eCollection 2016. PMID: 27579399

Book Chapters

  1. Hananel D, Sweet R, Stubbs J.

    Simulator Development – from Idea to Prototype to Product.

    In R. Aggarwal, J. Korndorffer & J. Cannon-Bowers (Eds.), ACS Principles and Practice for Simulation and Surgical Education Research (1 ed., Vol. 1, pp. 138-152). Chicago, IL: American College of Surgeons.

  2. Sweet, R.M., Santos, E.

    Robotic Simulation.

    In Textbook of Simulation: Surgical Skills and Team Training. Edited by Tsuda S., Scott, DJ., Jones DB. Chapter 24: Robotics and Robotic Simulators (2012), Cine-Med, Inc.

  3. Sweet, R.M. and McDougall, E.M.

    Simulation and Computer Animated Devices: The new minimally invasive skills training paradigm.

    Urol Clin N Am 35(3):519-531, 2008. PMID: 18761204

  4. Sweet, R.M., Berkley, J.

    Virtual Reality and Simulation in Urology,

    In: Textbook of Laparoscopic Urology, I.S. Gill, pub., Chapter 98, pp. 1097-1127, 2006. 1st edition